Artefact analysis

At Trace Enterprises, we have the expertise and experience necessary for expertly managing archaeological artefact analysis. Whether we're handling artefacts from a previous excavation or salvage project that we've overseen, or working with an existing artefact collection, we offer top-notch analysis services. When it comes to aboriginal heritage surveys, excavation, and salvage operations, we always conduct in-depth analysis on the artefacts we recover or document to meet our strict reporting standards. Our team has the skills and connections needed to provide comprehensive analysis for a wide range of artefacts.

Unlocking the secrets of the past: the power of in-depth analysis

Experience the thrill of delving deep into the intricacies of artefact assemblages! Through meticulous and comprehensive analysis, we uncover a treasure trove of valuable insights about Aboriginal heritage sites. Discover the fascinating patterns of site usage across different time periods and gain a deeper understanding of the people who once inhabited these sites.

Curious about the age of a specific site? Eager to unveil the techniques and tools used by its occupants? Our in-depth analysis holds the answers to these lingering questions and more. Join us as we unravel the mysteries of the past and immerse ourselves in the captivating world of archaeological research.

Materials covered

Immerse yourself in the rich history of Aboriginal heritage as we delve into the fascinating materials left behind by these ancient cultures. Unearthed treasures such as stone tools, vivid ochre pigments, bone and shell artefacts, charcoal remnants, and more provide invaluable insights into their way of life.

Through advanced scientific methods, we can extract a wealth of knowledge from these artefacts. Our experts conduct stone artefact analysis, utilising cutting-edge technology like PXRF to trace their origins. We also examine use-wear patterns and residues to uncover how they were used, conduct faunal analyses to understand their diet, employ radiocarbon dating to determine their age, and even perform forensic analysis on skeletal remains.

PXRF testing

Portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) testing is an innovative technique widely employed in the analysis of stone tools in Australia. This non-destructive method uses X-rays to identify the elemental composition of artifacts, providing critical insight into the materials used by ancient cultures. Particularly for stone tools, pXRF testing can reveal the geographic source of the raw material, shedding light on trade routes, migration patterns, and the interaction of different communities. Furthermore, the testing can identify traces of substances that may have been used on the tool, such as plant or animal residues, contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of past lifestyles and practices.

Use-wear analysis

The game-changing technique of use-wear analysis includes examining the surfaces and edges of stone tools, our expert consultants can uncover invaluable insights into their functional history. Microscopic scratches, polish, and breakage patterns provide clues that reveal how these tools were utilised. From cutting and scraping to drilling and more, every activity leaves its unique mark. This powerful method allows archaeologists to discern the specific function of each tool.

Through use-wear analysis, we gain a deeper understanding of the daily lives, subsistence strategies, and technological advancements of Aboriginal Australian societies.

Residue analysis

Residue analysis is a powerful tool for studying stone tools in Australia, enhancing our knowledge of their life and culture. This method involves carefully examining tools under a microscope to identify any remaining traces of materials they were used with. These residues can include plant fibers, animal tissues, starch grains, and even pollen, giving us valuable information about the diets, hunting and gathering practices, and overall environmental interactions of Aboriginal communities. By uncovering the substances that came into contact with a tool, residue analysis allows archaeologists to gain a more complete understanding of how these tools were used and their significance in everyday life.

Faunal analysis

Faunal analysis, also known as zooarchaeology, is a crucial method for studying archaeological remains. It involves identifying, classifying, and interpreting animal remains found at archaeological sites, such as bones, teeth, shells, and fish scales. In Australia, faunal analysis provides important insights into past ecosystems, human-animal interactions, and indigenous communities' subsistence strategies. By looking at the species represented, we can learn about the types of animals that were hunted, the seasons of hunting, and changes in hunting patterns over time. Additionally, faunal analysis can reveal broader environmental changes, animal domestication, and trade practices. Essentially, faunal analysis allows us to understand the relationship between past societies and their natural environment.

Forensic analysis

Forensic analysis of archaeological human remains is a specialised field of study in Australia that aims to uncover details about past populations. This scientific discipline involves the meticulous examination of skeletal remains to glean information about the individual's age, sex, stature, health status, diet, and possibly cause of death. Techniques such as osteological analysis, DNA testing, and isotopic analysis are frequently employed. This information can provide insights into the social structure, health issues, diet, migration patterns, and even interpersonal violence within ancient communities. Moreover, forensic analysis can contribute to our understanding of human evolution and adaptation. It serves as a critical bridge between the past and present, facilitating a deeper understanding of Australia's rich human history.

Established connections with academic experts

At Trace Enterprises, we have fostered strong relationships with renowned university researchers and experts in the relevant fields. This enables us to tap into their expertise and stay up-to-date with the latest developments. When we finish our analysis, we provide our clients with a comprehensive written report that outlines all of our findings. Additionally, we grant them access to all related data and any photographs captured during the project.

Trace Enterprises is always ready to assist you with any artefact analysis and research. If you have any questions about the services we provide or believe we can help you with your project, please do not hesitate to contact us!

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